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Military art prints and Scottish regimental military uniform prints showing the Gordon Highlanders in military paintings of battle scenes by Douglas Anderson, Richard Simkin, Richard Caton Woodville and Robert Gibb.
Battle Honours, (Emblazoned) 1789-91 Third Mysore War, at Mysore 1799 Fourth Mysore War at Seringapatam
1793 - 1802 French Revolutionary Wars, Egomont op Zee (awarded to the 92nd) and Mandora
1808 -1814 Peninsula Campaign at Corunna Fuentes d'Onoro, Alamaraz, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nive, orthes, Peninsula (all part form Nive awarded to the 92nd)
1815 Waterloo, 1835, 6th Kaffir War in South Africa, 1857 - 1858 Indian Mutiny at Delhi and Lucknow
1878 to 1880 second Afghan War at Charasiah, Kabul, Kandahar, Afghanistan (all to the 92nd Highlanders)
1882 Revolt of Arabi Pasha Tel - El - Kibir 1882 - 1884 First Sudan War. Egypt 1882, 1884
1885 Egyptian Campaign Nile (1884-5) 1895, Chitral Campaign, Cintral. 1897-8 Tirah Campaign, Tirah
1899- 1902 Boer War, Defence of Ladysmith, Paardeburg, South Africa 1899-1902
World War One Mons, Le Chateau, Marne (1914, and 1918) Ypres 1914, 1915 and 1917
Loos, Somme 1916, 1918, Ancre 1916, Arras 1917 and 1918, Cambrai 1917 and 1918, Vittorio Veneto.
Second World War: Odon, Reichswald, Goch, Rhine, North west Europe, 1940, 1944-45: El Alamein, mareth, Sferro, Anzio,
Also on the Regimental Colours, is a Royal Tiger with "India" and a Sphinz with Egypt.
Accredited Battles Honours But not shown on Colours.
World war One: Retreat From Ons, Aisne 1914, La Bassee 1914, Messines 1914, Armentieres 1914, Langemarck 1914, Gheluvelt, Nonne Bosschen, Neuve Chapelle, Frezenberg, Bellewaarde, Aubers, Festubert 1915, Hooge 1915, Albert 1916, 1918, Bazentin, delville Wood, Pozieieres, Guillemont, Flers Courcelette, le Transloy, Vimy 1917, Scarpe 1917, 1918, Arleux, Bullecourt, Pilckem, menin Road, Polygon Wood, Broodseinede, poelcapelle, passchendaele, St Quentin, Bapaume 1918, Rosieres, Lys, Estaires, Hazebrouck, Bethune, Soissonais-Ourcq, Tardenois, Hindenburg Line, Canal Du Nord, Selle, Sambre Piave, Italy 1917-1918.
World War Two. Withdrawal to Escaut, Ypres-Comines Canal, Dunkirk 1940, Somme, 1940, St Valery-en-caux, la Vie Crossing, Lower Maas, Venlo Pocket, Rhineland, Cleve, Advance on Tripoli. Medjez Plain, North Africa 1942, 1943, Sicily landings, Sicily 1943, Rome, Italy 1944 -45.
This is composed of the amalgamated battalions of the 75th and 92nd regiments of the Line. The former has had three of the same number, viz. the 2nd Battalion of the 37th (1756-63), the 118th Invalids (1763-69) and the Prince of Wales's (1778-83); as also had the latter, at first numbered the 100th in seniority, in regiments whose periods of existence were from 1760-63, 1778-83 and 1794-98.
Turning to the 1st Battalion, it was raised for service in India in
1878, and was then commanded by Colonel Abercromby as a Highland
Regiment; but this was abandoned in 1807-8, owing to the paucity of the
Highlanders in the ranks, and the Line uniform was substituted for it
until 1881, when the "territorialisation" of the regiment led
to its union with the Gordon Highlanders and the assumption of the
Highland costume. As this change was carried into effect at Malta,
the regiment was at first laughingly called the "Strada Reale
Highlanders", and this joke was further emphasised by the
regimental conundrum, which went to state that the "difference
between the 92nd and 75th" was that
Its history in all three phases of uniform, whether kilted, trewed, or kilted again, is sufficiently glorious, and for years it shared in that portion of the making of India which began with the operations against Tippoo and terminated with the assault on Bhurtpore. During this period, when often it was the only leaven of white troops the Sepoy army had, it shared in the severe skirmishes and storms of Chowghasset, Travangarry, amd the capture of Ferokabad; and in the operations which accompanied the attack on Bangalore it had to cover the retreat of Abercromby's column on Coorg as a rear-guard, which it did with distinguished success. It was also present in the battle outside Seringapatam in 1792, which was followed by a peace broken again the following year, because of the aggressive action of the French Republic in declaring war against England and Holland. Tippoo naturally sided with our ancient enemy, and in the operations which ensued Mahe was taken from the French and Seringapatam fell. The regiment lost heavily in the attack and in the storm, where the forlorn hope of its own column was led by Corporal Roderick Mackenzie and Sergeant Graham. Finally, after much continuous minor service against unruly chiefs and refractory natives, such as the capture of Fort Kerria and Baroda, it finished its active service for the time at Bhurtpore, where it lost heavily, among the killed being that same Sergeant Graham who had so distinguished himself at Seringapatam. For this gallant work it bears "Seringapatam" and "India" among its badges, with the Royal Tiger. Beyond the ordinary routine duty, it saw no further active service until the Kaffir rising of 1834, when it was employed continually under the severe and trying conditions of frontier warfare, rightly earning the title "South Africa 1835". It may be noted that this is one of the first, if not the first, recorded regiments that saw the value of mounted infantry, for a "troop" was formed and did good work for more than two years.
The outbreak of the Mutiny saw it again employed on the scene of its former glorious successes. It began well, by making a forced march of forty eight miles, and formed part of the column directed upon Delhi. It met the mutineers at Badli-ke-Serai, and in the hard-fought action that carried by assault the enemy's heaviest battery, occupying the key to the enemy's position, though with a loss of eleven officers and sixty six men.
It completed the work begun outside the walls by the storm of the city on October 13th 1857, and was then transferred to Sir Colin Campbell's command in his advance on Lucknow, where it shared inthe fighting from the Alam Bagh until the end of the year, and finally formed the funeral party when Havelock died.
After these events the old 75th was posted to Sir James Outram's command, and took part in the difficult Oude campaign, Major Gordon displaying both gallantry and tactical skill in the defence of the advanced post of Dungapur. It returned home to England in 1862 with its former Indian reputation enhanced, and with the authority to bear "Delhi", "Lucknow", and "Central India" among the regimental honours. Three Victoria Crosses were also won during this campain; Private Green, Sergeant (afterwards Lieutenant and Lieutenant Colonel) Wadeson, and Colour Sergeant Coghlan were all conspicuous for saving life under fire, and the latter for "cheering and encouraging a party which hesitated to charge down a lane in Subzee Mundee, Delhi, lined on each side with huts and raked by a cross fire, then entering with the said party into an enclosure filled with enemy and destroying every man." Though still clothed like an ordinary Line regiment, its national origin was recognised, in 1863, by the permission to wear a "diced border" to the Kilmarnock forge cap, and this was further altered to the Glengarry eleven years later.
The regiment had some trying frontier experience against the Kaffirs in 1872. Next, as the1st Battalion of the Gordons, and kilted, it sharedin the Egyptian campaign of 1882, in Sir Archibald Alison's Highland Brigade; and at the storming of the lines of Tel-el-Kebir lost two officers and thirty three men killed and wounded. For this "Tel-el-Kebir" and "Egypt 1882" (and later "1884") were permitted to be worn on the appointments.
Finally transferred to the Eastern Soudan, the battalion formed the front face of the square at the battle of El Teb against Osman Digna, taking part also in the affairs of Tamai and Tamanieh, and after a brief period in garrison at Cairo, formed part of the Nile expeditionary force for the relief of General Gordon, adding to the list in the campaign roll the name "Nile 1884-5". In this expedition the regiment ascended the great river 1,300 miles in sixty three days, doing the return journey in twenty eight days.
The 2nd Battalion, the original Gordon Highlanders, was formed in 1794, and commanded by the Marquis of Huntly, whose crest adorns the regimental badge, and whose fair mother was that beautiful Duchess of Gordon whose fascinations were freely used to recruit her son's regiment, to the extent - so legend has it - of placing the bounty money between her lips. Be that as it may, the regiment was equipped as a kilted regiment with the Gordon tartan, the number "100" on the buttons, and armed with muskets and claymores. It retained the number until 1798, when it became the 92nd, at the time when it was employed in checking an Irish insurrection which was assisted by French troops (who surrendered at discretion), and under its new designation took part in the expedition to Holland in 1799. There it came under fire at Shagen, Alkmaar, and at Egmont-op-Zee, this being the second name in the list of regimental honours.
Returning to England the 92nd embarked for some coast service against the French at Belleisle and Quiberon, and sailed from Minorca to join Abrcromby's Egyptian expedition, landing at Aboukir Bay, and fighting a few days later at Mandora, outside Alexandria, whre their General fell, and they earned the right for their gallantry during the battle (when they captured a battery) to bear "Mandora" and "Egyot", with the Sphinx, on their colours.
About this time a second battalion was formed, but, like many others similarly raised, it disappeared about 1814. The 1st Battalion was present at the funeral of Lord Nelson, and, proceeding to Denmark in 1807, joined in the battle of Krioge Bay, close to Copenhagen, the site of one of the great admiral's victories; and the following year, joining Sir John Moore's army, it took part in Rolica, Vimiera, and Corunna, where it behaved with distinguished gallantry, and bears the name of the victory that was the one gleam of sunshine in that disastrous retreat on the regimental standards. Nor was this the only honour the 92nd gained in the Great War, in which they took an active part until the close. To tell their services is to tell the whole history of the campaign. They fought at Badajoz, Fuentes d'Onor, Albuera, Badajoz again, Ciudad Rodrigo, El Bodon, Arroyo dos Molinos (where they charged to the tune of "Hey, Johnny Cope, are ye waken yet?" and greatly distinguished themselves); at the storm of Ciudad Rodrigo, and of Badajoz for the third time; at Almaraz (where two of their number swam the river to recover the pontoon bridge), Salamanca, Alba de Tormes, Vittoria, Almaraz, San Sebastian, and the Pass of Maya. At the latter fight they lost nearly two thrids their strength, refusing, with a "stern valour that would have graced Thermopylae" to retire lest they should endanger the 50th, who were hardly pressed, and earning for their Colonel, Cameron, the addition of "Maya" to his escutcheon. In all the affairs of the Pyrenees they took part, gaining especial mention at St Pierre, where they charged four times and lost13 officers and 171 men; and their bravery at Arriverete added that word, too , to Colonel Cameron's arms. They helped to check the last sortie from Bayonne, and no regiment in the whole army of Wellington came out of the Peninsular War with a grander or more honorable record.
They were early employed in the 1815 campaign, losing their gallant colonel and almost feudal chief at Quatre bras. Too late to reward him, his father was made a baronet in recognition of the brilliant services of his distinguished son. At Waterloo again, though reduced to 300 men, they checked, by a wild charge four deep, the advance of a French column, their own compatriots the Scots Greys finishing the work they had so well begun.
They went to the Crimea after the fall of Sebastopol, and were transferred from Corfu to India in 1858, where, under Sir Hugh Rose's command, they joined in the final suppression of the mutiny at Surat, Oojein, Rajghur, Rajpur, and Sepree. In 1879 they joined the army of Afghanistan, escorting Cavagnari up the Shutargardan pass, holding the Sukar Khotal pass to cover Sir F Roberts's advance, taking part in the battles of Charasiab, Maidan, Arguirdeh, Asmai heights, and Takht-i-Shah, and were so hard pressed that it required all the bravery of Lieut Dick Cunningham and Major White to check the advance of a determined enemy with odds of eighteen to one in his favour. Both these officers won the Cross for Valour, and if honour was then gained, so also was loot to the value of £90,000. Finally they shared in the march to Candahar, losing at the battle there eighty killed and wounded.
Their last service was in the disastrous campaign against the Boers in 1881. In the affair on Majuba hill, where two companies, in all 120 men, represented the regiment, their loss amounted to ninety-nine officers and men.
Of regimental pets only two are recorded. One, "Juno, the dof of the regiment", was present at Tel-el-Kebir, and was decorated, for the march past at Cairo, with a silver collar inscribed "Presented to Juno, the heroine of Tel-el-Kebir, by English and Irish admirers". the other lies in the pets' cemetery at Edinburgh, and was in life "Kate, the drummers' pet" of the old 92nd.
The red uniform has the usual yellow national facings and the kilt of the Gordon tartan. The button bears St Andrew's Cross with "Gordon highlanders", the Sphinx over "Egypt" and the Royal Tiger. On the head dress plate the crest of the Marquis of Huntly , within an ivy wreath, , and with "Bydand" below.
The 3rd Battalion is the Royal Aberdeenshire Militia, raised in 1797: this, with the Militia Battalion of the Camerons only, is kilted. The affiliated Volunteer battalions are the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th Aberdeen, the 1st Kincardine, and the 1st Banff. All these wear the national scarlet except the fourth and fifth, which are clad in green.
Extract from "The British Army and Auxiliary Forces" Colonel C. Cooper King, R.M.A. , 1894
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