Manchester Regiment

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Regimental art prints of the Manchester Regiment published by Cranston Fine Arts by military artist Harry Payne, depicting military uniforms of the Manchester Regiment.

A West Suffolk regiment-the 63rd-had for its linked battalion the 96th; and these were combined as the Manchester Regiment in 1881.  The first-mentioned was originally a 2nd battalion to the 8th, and became independent under its late number in 1758, receiving the county name of “West Suffolk” in 1782.  “General Wolfe’s Regiment,” as it had been once called, first came under fire in the expedition to the West Indies in 1759, when Martinique, Guadaloupe, Grenadam St. Lucia, St. Vincent, and many other islands, such as Defeada and Santos, were captured.  It returned home after these exploits, but was sent back to take part in the war of Independence, fighting at Bunker’s Hill, Brooklyn, Brandywine, Fort Clinton, New Jersey, Charleston, Hobkirk’s Hill, and Eutaw Springs.

           Men were heavily weighted in those days.  Those of the 63rd twice “returned to the charge, in the middle of a hot summer’s day, encumbered with three days’ provisions, their knapsacks on their backs, which, together with cartouche box, ammunition, and firelock, may be estimated at 125lb. Weight.  Many of the men, too, served as Mounted Infantry, under Colonel Tarleton, one of the most enterprising of the “partisan” leaders in the war; and they behaved with conspicuous gallantry at the affair of Sherar’s Ferry in 1780.           In 1794 the regiment served in Holland, and fought at Nimeguen, but returned to the West Indies in the following year, sharing in Sir Ralph Abercromby’s expedition 1796, and in the defence of Honduras in 1798; after which it came home reduced to only 150 men.  Recruited to full strength, it again served under Abercromby in the Holland campaign, seeing much hard fighting at the Helder, Zuyp, Schagerburg, Bergen-op-Zoom, and Egmont-op-Zee.

           The expedition to Ferrol gave the regiment its next employment, and during the operations Sergeant-Major Nugent was promoted for gallantry in having disarmed and made prisoners two Spanish sentries.  But its West Indian services were not yet completed.  After the capture of Madeira in 1807, it again assisted in the capture of Martinique two years later-when the articles of surrender were signed by Major O’Rourke of the 63rd-and at Guadaloupe, St. Martin, and St. Eustatia; but on the outbreak of hostilities again in 1815, the 63rd for  the third time shared in the capture of Guadaloupe, when “the eagles and standards of the French” were surrendered, and Captain Lynch with the light company covered the landing at Bailiffe, and checked the advance of three hundred French soldiers, who had been sent to oppose the debarkation.  In 1819 the regiment came home, and, after general service on various stations, it was sent to Burmah in 1838, and suffered loss in the fighting at Moulmein. 

           In the Crimean campaign the 63rd was present at the Alma, Inkerman, and through out the whole siege of Sevastopol, losing altogether 947 off all ranks during the war.  In the Afghan War it joined the 2nd division of the Kandahar force, but was not present in any of the more important actions.  From India it was transferred to Egypt in 1882.           The 63rd had a 2nd battalion from 1804 to 1814, but this saw no active service.           The 96th was recruited in Manchester in 1824 and was preceded by five of the same number-viz, the first, which served from 1760 to 1763; the second, from 1780 to 1783; the third, from 1793 to 1798; the fourth, formed from a 2nd battalion of the 52nd, and numbered the 96th in 1803, but disbanded as the 95th in 1818; and the fifth, raised in 1798 as the “Queen’s Germans,” was called the 97th in 1802, and disappeared as the 96th (“Queen’s Own”) in 1818.  The last saw service in Egypt in1801, and in the Peninsula.  It bore the name of the “British Musketeers,” and from it comes the Sphinx badge, and the words “Egypt” and “Peninsula,” which appear on the appointments, etc.           The work of the present battalion, as far as active service goes, began in 1844, when a detachment-the rest of the regiment being in New South Wales-was sent to New Zealand, and fought at Kororarika and Stokes Pah.  In 1881, as the 2nd battalion of the Manchester Regiment, it was sent to Egypt, and formed part of the garrison of Alexandria during the operations which led to the battle of Tel-el-Kebirand the fall of Cairo.  Since then it has seen no active service.

           The badge of the “Fleur-de0lys,” formerly worn by the 63rd, is supposed to have been bestowed in commemoration of its long and brilliant services in the West Indies against the French; but its use was forbidden in 1856 “because written authority sanctioning its wear could no be found.”  The coatee was replaced in that year by the tunic, and it was certainly worn before that date on the former by the officers and sergeant-major.  It is scarcely likely it would have been used without permission, and some might well have been granted; but the only record disappeared when the regimental baggage was lost at Helvoetsluys in 1795.  The green facings of the 63rd and the yellow of the 96th were altered to white in 1881.  Those of the 63rd had been first black, then very deep green (1768), with white and green lace, and deep green with silver lace in 1813.  Gold lace was worn after 1832.  The badges are the arms of the city of Manchester, and the Sphinx with “Egypt,” which was worn by the 96th, but can only have been derived from the regiment that was disbanded in 1818; an eight-pointed star, however, bearing the number, was once the decoration of the buttons and breast-plate of the 63rd.  The star was worn in remembrance of its good work under Tarleton from 1775 to 1781.  The button now bear the Garterand its motto, and within it the Sphinx and “Egypt,” crowned.  The Sphinx also appears on the collar on an eight-pointed star, on the waist-plate with the name of the regiment, and on the forage-cap.  The helmet-plate bears the arms of the city of Manchester.

           The 6th Royal Lancashire Militia, raised in 1855, furnishes the 3rd and 4th battalions.  The volunteer battalions are the 4th Lancashire, Manchester (green and scarlet); the 6th Lancashire, Manchester (scarlet and yellow); the 7th Lancashire, Ashton-under-Lyne (scarlet and white); the 16th Lancashire, Manchester (scarlet and white); the 20th Lancashire, Ardwick (green and scarlet); and the 22nd Lancashire Oldham (scarlet and white).      The 63rd once had the name of the “Bloodsuckers.”             The depot was at Ashton-under-Lyne

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Capture of a German Battery by Richard Caton Woodville.


Capture of a German Battery by Richard Caton Woodville.

German 77mm battery captured by C Company, 2nd Battalion the Manchester Regiment, 2nd April 1917 at Francilly Selency. The attacks on Francilly-Selency would prove costly and difficult to the attacking British forces. The Germans had dug in well. But the Manchester Regiments 2nd battalion, attacking from Roupy just beyond Savy village, towards the large hill which would later be called Manchester Hill, captured the German 77nn Gun battery. The Manchester Regiment would again be on the attack on the 14th of April at Fayet and would go on to the trenches of the Hindenburg line at Gricourt road, San Quentin.
Item Code : DHM0445Capture of a German Battery by Richard Caton Woodville. - Editions Available
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Manchester Regiment by Harry Payne.


Manchester Regiment by Harry Payne.

Item Code : UN0008Manchester Regiment by Harry Payne. - Editions Available
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PRINTOpen edition print.
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Image sze 7 inches x 12 inches (18cm x 31cm)noneAdd any two items on this offer to your basket, and the lower priced item will be half price in the checkout!14.00

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The Manchester Regiment by Richard Caton Woodville.


The Manchester Regiment by Richard Caton Woodville.

Item Code : UN0382The Manchester Regiment by Richard Caton Woodville. - Editions Available
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PRINTOpen edition print.
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ANTIQUE
CHROMOLITHOGRAPH
Original coloured print circa 1911.
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A German Officer And Fourteen Of His Men Cry For Mercy To Lieutenant Leach.


A German Officer And Fourteen Of His Men Cry For Mercy To Lieutenant Leach.

Section by section the trench was recaptured, and driven back until they could go no further, the Germans decided to surrender. Lieutenant Leach (2nd Battalion, Manchester Regiment) was surprised to hear a voice calling in English Dont shoot sir! The speaker was one of his own men who had been captured in the morning. He had come from a German officer to say he wished to surrender. On going round the corner of the traverse Lieutenant Leach came upon the officer and fourteen of his men, who kneeling, raised their hands and begged for mercy. For their conspicuous bravery Lieutenant Leach and Sergeant Hogan were both deservedly awarded the V.C.
Item Code : DTE0755A German Officer And Fourteen Of His Men Cry For Mercy To Lieutenant Leach. - Editions Available
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PRINT First World War antique black and white book plate published c.1916-18 of glorious acts of heroism during the Great War. This plate may also have text on the reverse side which does not affect the framed side. Title and text describing the event beneath image as shown.
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The Manchester Regiment (63rd and 96th foot) by Richard Simkin.


The Manchester Regiment (63rd and 96th foot) by Richard Simkin.

Printed on high quality 300gsm German etching stock. Only 25 copies of this superb quality reprint are available.
Item Code : AU0092The Manchester Regiment (63rd and 96th foot) by Richard Simkin. - Editions Available
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Original chromolithograph.
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